Architecture
January 8, 2009

Signs of Change

Imagine the corner of Carrall and Hastings in the 1920s. 

At the B.C. Electric Railway headquarters (foreground on right), interurban trains were arriving  from places as far away as Chilliwack and Steveston.  From here, passengers could immediately transfer to a streetcar on Hastings that would connect them to any part of the city.

Down the street was City Hall, located in the Holden Building (centre left), one of the tallest towers in Vancouver. 

Across the street: the Beaux-Arts Merchant’s Bank building.  Up the street: the city’s premier department store, Woodward’s.

At the centre: the Hotel Pennsylvania.

Previously known as The Woods, the hotel must have been a place to meet, for business and pleasure.

And none who passed through this intersection could ever imagine how dramatically it would decline in the later decades of their century.  Just as we today are sceptical of the possibilities of change for the better in the Downtown East Side.

In fact many are fearful of any sign of improvement, concerned that gentrification will displace the most vulnerable.   In the stratified politics of Vancouver, that’s often why change is only embraced when the Left sees benefit.  So it was that COPE (later Vision) councillor Jim Green, who justifiably deserves the credit for the Woodward’s project, provided the catalyst for change that will transform this neighbourhood in the next few years.

And yesterday, another sign of that change was lit.

The opening of 44 units for the homeless or at risk marked the end of a long journey for those in the Portland Hotel Society who struggled to transform a dismal, dangerous SRO into something of pride and hope for the Downtown East Side. (That’s Tom Laviolet of the Portland Hotel Society at the window.  The “Portland Hotel” was another name this building has known, preceded by “The Rainbow”.)  More here.

The hotel has been wonderfully restored, including the turret at top and a replica for the sign that punctuates the corner with a touch of neon:

But credit also to the City for extending the corner sidewalk and adding a gentle curve to Hastings where it bends:

And for allowing a replacement of the areaways underneath the Carrall Street sidewalk, including the glass tiles lit from below:

And to those who doubt this intersection will regain its vitality, just wait.  As the Carrall Street greenway is completed, as the streetcar is extended through the neighbourhood, as social housing projects replace the SROs, as more residents and businesses are welcome, the Pennsylvania will once again become the place to meet.

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From PT reader Andy Coupland:

You correctly identify the fabulous reno of the Portland Hotel in your recent picture piece. These days it’s known by its last commercial name – The Pennsylvania Hotel – and it’ll be getting a significant piece of signage to reflect that on the corner of the building. It was once the Woods Hotel – and the sign for that was much more impressive! As you know, the Portland name was re-used on the Arthur Erickson designed New Portland Hotel.

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Knute Berger, a regular writer in Seattle’s online e-mag Crosscut (The Tyee of the Evergreen City), has penned a reflection on his city that could as easily be applied to Vancouver.

I complain a lot about how the city has evolved, but despite growth, upheaval and displacement, I am often struck with ways in which Seattle hasn’t changed. Vacant lots have disappeared, housing is more expensive, some parts of the city have been radically over-hauled (South Lake Union, the light-railed portions of Martin Luther King Way), landfills are now parks, downtown sprouts a fungi of ugly high rises. But many parts of the city are stoic in the face of a century of radical transformation.

Full article here.

Berger, who writes as ‘Mossback’, is often irascible (and he’s not a big fan of Vancouver) – but he’s always insightful.  We have to get him up here sometime soon.

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So much happening, it’s hard to keep up.  Here are a few samples.

The curtain has been drawn to reveal the upgraded Portland Hotel:

And just down Hastings Street, another new non-market housing development in the final stages:

Robert Fung’s Salient Group is near completion on the Paris Block and Annex:

As well as the Terminus project, including a spiffy new paint job and restoration on the Alhambra Hotel, one of the oldest buildings in the city:

From the roof of one of the condo additions, you can look down on the roof garden of the relocated Inform Interiors on Water Street:

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Signs of change are everywhere in Gastown and the Downtown East Side these days – most notably the Woodward’s tower, rising above it all.   But the scaffolding has just dropped away from another development nearby, revealing what will undoubtedly be one of the heritage gems of the neighbourhood – the Flack Block.

This restoration and discreet addition at the corner of Cambie and Hastings, across from Victory Square, is another of Robert Fung’s projects by the Salient Group.  One of the first to see the potential of a languishing Gastown, he is currently transforming the Alhambra Block and Mews at Maple Tree Square.  But the Flack may be the project with the greatest architectural merit, though it had been badly treated over the years.

Designed by Vancouver architect William Blackmore, it was built during the Klondike boom in 1898 for about $100,000 – a substantial amount back then – and reflected the commercial optimism of the time.  The design is Richardsonian Romanesque, with a remarkable entrance worthy of a heritage award all on its own:

Acton Ostry are the architects.  Says Mark Ostry:

The project was incredibly challenging, from convincing the City Surveyor and Engineering Department to permit us to reuse and restore the areaways under the sidewalk, to restoring stone work, to adding a new floor on the roof. As you know, the ground floor and public realm were butchered over the years to the point of losing all of its original character and meaning on the street. When Money Mart vacates, we’ll be able to complete the project and restore the integrity to the urban enclosure and backdrop to Victory Square.

Robert Fung also notes that Joel Solomon’s groups, Tides and Renewal, will be the office tenants.  Altogether, a very nice package.

 

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By, in this instance, the Washington Post:

Vancouver’s Olympic Challenge
City Faces Pressure to Fulfill Social Pledges That Helped It Win 2010 Winter Games
 
By Doug Struck
Washington Post Foreign Service
Monday, July 23, 2007; A11

VANCOUVER — Rob Skish is looking forward to the 2010 Winter Olympics. A “binner” who plumbs garbage containers to fill his shopping cart with food for his stomach and cans for the recycler, Skish figures that when the Olympic crowds come to town, the pickings in the bins will be good.
“They’ll be full,” said Skish, 40. “But there will be a lot more people picking. They will come from all over the world.”
Skish’s prediction is the stuff of bad dreams for Vancouver Mayor Sam Sullivan.
When the Winter Olympics open in Vancouver, visitors will find one of the most alluring cities in North America, a green and vibrant port to Asia brimming with diversity, skyscrapers and West Coast cool. But if they take a wrong turn, they will enter Downtown Eastside, a 16-block area teeming with drug dealers, addicts, prostitutes and panhandlers.
The side alleys are open markets for crack cocaine and crystal methamphetamine. The streets reek of urine. Rates of AIDS and hepatitis C are at Third World levels. Those who don’t have rooms in some shabby flophouse sleep on the pavement. A U.N. report last month called the area “the trouble in paradise.”
To win the Games, Vancouver and the provincial and federal governments made some of the boldest promises of any Olympic bid. They promised to add 800 new housing units a year for four years. They promised to cut homelessness and to ensure that people living on welfare and disability checks aren’t ousted from their hotels for higher-paying guests.
The city had already seen that happen once. Thousands of low-income residents were dislocated for the 1986 world’s fair, Expo 86. Olaf Solheim, an 88-year-old former logger with a long white beard, starved to death, disoriented and confused, after being evicted from his home of more than 40 years at the Patricia Hotel in Downtown Eastside. A welfare housing block is now named after him.
“I believe the Downtown Eastside will be the legacy of this Olympics. It will be a lot different,” the mayor said in an interview at City Hall. “We want every investment we make to leave a legacy that is needed by the city.”
Full article here.

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  Check out this interview with Michael Kluckner by Charles Campbell in The Tyee. 
Here’s a clip:

On density as an excuse for redevelopment:
“If the current [Vancouver] council collectively had a brain, they would realize that eco-density is an area like South Granville. These walk-up apartments — that to me is eco-density. There are 10 suites on a 66-foot lot. They’re affordable suites. If you tore that place down, and replaced it with a building that was in theory more environmentally friendly, it would take you about 40 years to pay back the energy that you used in building the new place. Plus you would lose affordability, which is another aspect of what I think of as eco-density. These are the people that walk, that tend to use transit, that are supporting the local businesses.
“We may come back in five years and find that the neighbourhood has changed because the buildings have been torn down and replaced by wildly ostentatious crap that people are building — the ‘limited collection of fine residences’ — and I think you’ll find that the net density will not really have gone up and affordability will be out the window. The place will work in a less environmentally friendly way, and you’ll lose heritage.”

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October 24, 2006

Now Seattle, like Portland, is wondering whether it’s possible to raise children downtown.  The Post-Intelligencer explored the issue in this article: “Parents want more family-friendly downtown living.”

The 2000 Census found that just 4 percent of households in Seattle’s urban core, which includes downtown and South Lake Union, included a child, compared with 20 percent in the city as a whole and 37 percent for King County, outside of Seattle.
State statistics show that Seattle’s urban core has grown much faster than the rest of the city and county since 2000, thanks to a boom in apartment and condo construction. But, while newer numbers for families with children are not available yet, those selling downtown condos say their customers tend to be young professionals and empty nesters, rather than families with kids.

And some comments from me in an accompanying article: “Downtown living works in Vancouver, B.C. — but will it translate?”

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