COVID Place making
April 1, 2020

Closing Streets for Walking and Rolling~If Calgary and Winnipeg Can Do It, Why Can’t We?

The idea of closing roads for pedestrians and cyclists is nothing new. The popular Ciclovia which originated decades ago in Bogota Colombia closes streets to vehicular traffic on weekends in many South American cities. Residents take over the streets for strolling, rolling and cycling. Bogota’s ciclovia runs on Sundays until 2:00 p.m. and also on major holidays. I have participated in ciclovias in Lima Peru and in Quito Ecuador where major thoroughfares are closed, providing “open streets” for active transportation on Sundays.

The COVID-19 pandemic provides an unique opportunity to rethink our use of major streets. While the Province’s Medical Health Officer Dr. Bonnie Henry encourages walking and rolling for exercise and mental and physical health, she is also cognizant that people need to stay six feet or two meters apart in their small family groups.

That’s where the problem is. As I have written earlier,  sidewalks in Vancouver are just not wide enough. The standard for new sidewalks varies from 1.2 meters wide to 1.8 meters wide and does not offer enough space for two people to pass each other safely with  the Covid-19 required distance.  Sure you can spill onto the street, but that’s not something someone with a baby carriage or assistive device can curb jump to do.

It also is telling how clumsy we are at imagineering more space for pedestrians. We know how to put in bike lanes adjacent to sidewalks , but we just are not good at giving walkers and rollers more space.

But look at Calgary and Winnipeg.  Madeline Smith of the Calgary Herald reports the City of Calgary is doing a demonstration test by closing six major roadways on weekends to give their citizens places to walk. They are all located close to where people live, and provide an opportunity to get out and exercise with close family members without worrying about being too close to other people. If you are familiar with Calgary, you will appreciate the scale of the closures, which are listed here.

The Mayor of Calgary Naheed Nishi made it clear that the street closures were for exercise, and not for crowded gatherings of any kind. And he provides a very clear rationale for why these weekend closures are happening-to keep physical distance and to allow people to exercise.

“It’s going to be much more along the lines of just making sure that if we need to use roadway space so that people have room, we will do so.”

In the Calgary case, the routes run close to parks and the river valley, offering people the chance to make a loop during their exercise routines. With an  effective first closure, Calgary is looking at extending these closures for weekends during the pandemic.

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Hastings Street, 1945 from the Vancouver Archives.

Diana Sampson provides some wonderful images from the archives on the Facebook group Nostalgic/Sentimental Pictures of Vancouver. This photo of Hastings Street must have been taken after the end of World War Two as there is toilet paper streaming on the street. That was rationed during the war.

You can see the road striping showing where vehicles are to park,  the tram tracks and the granite insets abutting the street curb. There’s a few things  unusual in this photo.  The stationer’s sign projects directly across the city sidewalk. And the pedestrians are walking on the left side of the street instead of the usual right.


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The province of Nova Scotia has come up with the slogan “Exercise, don’t socialize” to describe the new behaviour required of people in public. During the Covid-19 crisis everyone is being asked to practice physical distancing, staying  two meters or six feet away from people when outside your home.

But as anyone that has tried to walk or roll  with the required physical distancing of two meters will know, the sidewalks in Vancouver are just not wide enough. The standard for new sidewalks varies from 1.2 meters wide to 1.8 meters wide and does not offer enough space for two people to pass each other safely with  the Covid-19 required distance.

Walking is good for  you to maintain physical and mental health, and is encouraged by Dr. Bonnie Henry, the Province’s Medical Health Officer in this video clip by Emad Agahi with  CTV News.

The Globe and Mail’s Oliver Moore has written that both Toronto and Vancouver are examining ways to make some parts of the street network  closed to vehicular movement to allow pedestrians to spill out into some streets for recreation and to maintain the required physical distancing.

The thinking behind walking on connected streets has already been done in Vancouver where 25 years ago the Urban Landscape Taskforce composed of interested citizens, several who were landscape architects, came up with the ambitious Greenways Plan.

I have previously written about this extraordinary plan that came from the work of these citizens. What they termed “greenways” are actually a network of “green streets” that link traffic calmed ability accessible streets with good amenities to schools, parks, shops and services. There are 140 kilometers of greenways, with a network of fourteen city greenways that go boundary to boundary in Vancouver. The pattern language was derived from the Seawall and the Seaside Greenway route which provides Vancouverites with routes near water and forms one quarter of the whole network.

The original intent was to have a city greenway go through each neighbourhood and be a 25 minute walk or a ten minute bike ride from every residence.

The Greenway network plan was quietly backburnered  during Vision’s political reign at city hall in favour of bike routes.  But these traffic calmed routes that have sidewalks, connections to parks with restrooms, curb drops on corners to facilitate accessibility , wayfinding and public art still exist. You may have walked or biked down Ontario Street or 37th Avenue (the Ridgeway Greenway from Pacific Spirit Park to Central Park in Burnaby)  which form two of the routes. Downtown, Carrall Street is also a greenway.

These streets lend themselves well to closure for all but local traffic and emergency vehicles. That was the intent when they were first conceived, that they could be closed for pedestrian and biking use. And as the city develops, these streets may be permanently closed in the future,  forming new linear parks in a densifying city fifty years in the future.

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Price Tags really is about active transportation advocacy but I have had a reminder from a few health care providers that during the COVID-19 pandemic things are a bit different.

People working in the Emergency and Critical Care sections of hospitals that are potentially exposed to COVID-19 should NOT be taking transit, and physical distancing by walking/cycling at night is often not an option. Couple that with a reduced transit schedule and longer hours, and the question becomes~should we be charging these health care workers for parking during the crisis?

There is already a local petition circulating asking for free parking for health care workers who are now working longer hours than a normal twelve hour shift, and dealing with stressful situations related to the pandemic.

Joe Pinkstone of the Daily Mail reports on the JustPark app in Great Britain that allows hospital staff to park close to hospitals for free during the Covid-19 crisis. That company has 2,000 spaces listed for health care workers at 150 different hospitals in the country. In 48 hours 250 health care workers took advantage of the free parking.

Just Park is the most used parking app in Britain and allows drivers to reserve a space in advance.  The company is waiving all fees in connection to creating more parking space for health care workers. JustPark went one step further asking people and businesses with available parking spaces  near hospitals to also donate their space to these healthcare workers during the pandemic.

Of course it is British National Health Service policy to charge for parking at hospitals, and there already is some free car parking for staff “through a pre-approved list”.  But in Britain there has been increasing usage of all available hospital parking by staff and by  patient families.

In Sydney Australia Mayor Clover Moore is asking her Council to provide free 24 hour access to parking for all essential workers including those in health care.

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Photographer Ken Ohrn captures Sylvia Ohrn walking in local blossom splendour.

I have previously written about Cherry Blossom Madness  and the one street on the east side of Vancouver that explodes with a canopy of cherry blossoms, and tourists who are themselves the main event. Residents of the street have even had to enlist the City of Vancouver to keep the calm while car drivers jockey to visit the blooms.

There are over 43,000 cherry trees in Vancouver with fifty different varieties. You can take a look at this interactive map by the Vancouver Sun that shows the location of 16,000 cherry trees.

Normally there is a cherry blossom festival in Vancouver and you can take a look at the history of cherry trees here on their website. While many of the events for the Vancouver Cherry Blossom Festival are cancelled, there are still some online events which you can look at here.

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Wilton UK with a population of 3,600 is tucked in the southwest of England. It’s the place where Wilton carpets came from and has been an Anglo Saxon settlement for over one thousand years.

There’s no church here so the local pub called The Swan serves as the community centre. Its closure due to Covid-19 coupled with reduced train service to London might look problematic to outsiders. But as The Economist points out, technology and village good will stepped in.

“A new local WhatsApp group is flooded with messages offering to pick up food or prescriptions for the elderly or to walk other people’s dogs and news bulletins: loo paper available in Tesco in Marlborough, potatoes now for sale on the market stall, newspaper deliveries still happening intermittently.”

The proprietor of the local closed pub ingeniously revamped the premises as a “pop-up shop selling vegetables, fruit, milk, bread and even (wonders!) local eggs. Wine is priced at a flat £10 a bottle. ”

Being British and not wanting to endanger his pub licence, the pub owner worried about overstepping regulations, but his premise repurposing met with local authority approval.  With a maximum of two customers  in the store at any one time, he’s also selling takeout meals. And surprise! The venture is taking off.

Even the local wheat farmer is upbeat, as the crisis has made his crop more desirable with a lot of it already sold.

While it would appear that losing amenities would lessen community contacts, in this case it appears to have strengthened them.

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In the Bad News Good News Department, the City of Sydney Australia is finally getting automated pedestrian crossing in their major downtown intersections, because of the Covid-19 virus crisis.

If you are unfamiliar with Australian politics, the State and the City do not get along and have different agendas when it comes to cities. The State has control of the highway network and is still in the 20th century model of moving vehicles quickly and efficiently, with secondary thought to pedestrians. You would think with 90 percent of movement in the downtown being by pedestrians that they would have priority at intersections. But no. Pedestrians have long waits, and automation of crossings only during the day. Other times there are push buttons that still don’t activate crossing in a timely fashion and there’s no standardized automatically set intervals for crossing.

Until now.

In this article by News 7 Sydney,  Mayor Clover Moore said pedestrian buttons “would not need to be pushed for the foreseeable future”, as the state government , which has control of major arterials in the city has made the signal changes for pedestrians and cyclists.

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Finally there is starting to be a backlash to dollar stores which have pretty much usurped the vacated landscape of retail stores in commercial areas. For a while planners used to say that if there was a dollar store on a block, you knew that the area’s commercial square footage was cheap, as it was seen as one of the most marginal businesses around.

But Dollar Stores have become the new normal, providing items often at a fraction of the cost of other retail stores. In the United States the two largest dollar store operators have 30,000 locations, a 33 percent increase in a decade. Now they are coming under scrutiny for squeezing out local retail and reinforcing food deserts and accessibility to healthy and fresh food for locals.

As dollar stores sweep across America, they are facing growing scrutiny from opponents who argue that discount chains stifle local competition and limit poor communities’ access to healthy food.

Critics say that the dollar stores cluster in lower income neighbourhoods and squeeze out competition, making it challenging for local grocery stores. While dollar stores have junk food and colas, they don’t have milk and fresh vegetables and fruit.

Dollar stores always do well during economic recessions, and continue to thrive in areas where people do not have rising incomes.

Here’s the dollar store’s strategy as reported by CNN’s Nathaniel Meyersohn: “While the economy is doing very well, our core customer continues to struggle,” Dollar General chief executive Todd Vasos told analysts last year. The company’s core customers earn around $40,000 a year or below, $20,000 below the median income.
Dollar General caters mainly to low-and-middle-income customers in rural and suburban areas. Dollar Tree targets suburban, middle-income shoppers, while Family Dollar focuses on lower-income urban and rural customers.
Dollar General looks to build stores in rural areas where a big box retailer or grocery store is not within 15 or 20 miles. Around 75% of Dollar General stores are in towns with 20,000 or fewer people, and the chain has its biggest footprint in southern states. (Dollar General has more stores in Texas alone than Costco and Whole Foods do combined.)

Dollar stores can open quickly and use one quarter of the space of the traditional grocery store. They also function with minimal staffing as compared to a grocery store.

Viewed as a plus in rural areas with no access to other stores, Dollar General and Dollar tree plan to open another 24,000 locations. But there is now a  push against these retailers, with Birmingham Alabama not allowing new dollar stores to open within a mile of other dollar store locations. This is to attract and encourage grocery stores in the denser parts of the city which have food deserts

The cities of New Orleans, Cleveland and Fort Worth Texas are also examining restricting dollar stores in their boundaries.

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A group of Vancouverites who work in trauma and counselling have been circulating an email asking their friends for their favourite poems or prose that helped at a time of crisis. Among the poems being circulated is this one from  poet Naomi Shihab Nye, which was sent in by a librarian.

These are difficult times for everyone from many standpoints. This poem was a favourite of the crisis workers. The images are by photographer Ken Ohrn.

The Song

From somewhere
A calm musical note arrives.
You balance it on your tongue,
a single ripe grape,
till your whole body glistens.
In the space between breaths
You apply it any wound
and the wound heals.

Soon the nights will lengthen,
you will lean into the year humming like a saw.
You will fill the lamps with kerosene,
knowing somewhere a line breaks,
a city goes black,
people dig for candles in the bottom drawer.
You will be ready. You will use the song like a match.
It will fill your rooms
opening rooms of its own
so you sing, I did not know
my house was this large.

~ Naomi Shihab Nye

Images: Ken Ohrn

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