Beach Avenue looking west & Aquatic Centre August 3 1974
If anyone ever wanted to look at what priority the automobile was given in the last century, this image tells the story. 1974 was the year the “new” Aquatic Centre was opened, replacing the Crystal Pool that had been built on the same site in 1928. The Martello Towers are part of the “grand gesture” to the modernism of the street, where no walker or cyclist can be seen.
This was the same year that the Knight Street Bridge was opened, and Granville Street north of Nelson was closed to vehicular traffic for conversion to a pedestrian mall, which opened that summer.
The image is another great one from Diane Sampson who found this at the Vancouver Archives.
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Medical Health Officer for British Columbia Dr. Bonnie Henry provides daily briefings on the Covid-19 pandemic, its impact on British Columbia and what we can do to “flatten the curve” of infection.
In looking at lessening the pandemic, Dr. Henry is “getting back to the pump” which is an expression used in public health to describe the work of Dr. John Snow. Dr. Snow is often called the father of epidemiology, which is the study of disease incidence and control.
In 1854 Dr. Snow who was a London physician used geographical co-ordinates to figure out where cholera, which was infecting and killing people in the Broad Street area of Soho London, was coming from. He traced the disease to a public water pump on the street. By removing the handle of the pump, and asking patients to wash hands and practice good hygiene the infected water was not consumed and the cholera cases diminished.
Dr. Snow had plotted the domiciles of the people who were infected and were dying looking for patterns and connections. What he found is that all the cholera infected had been drinking water from this one well, which was not very deep and which had been contaminated.
The action of removing the handle of the pump was controversial at the time when it was assumed that disease was airborne, and found in bad scents. By using meticulous locational analysis and a “simple and direct” action, Dr. Snow stopped the deaths and saved lives.
It was this same methodical approach that made the difference in the 1918 Spanish Flu epidemic that infected 27 percent of the world’s population.I have written about how New York City had lower death rates than other cities by instituting four important principles. The City had a “robust” and organized public health infrastructure, the healthy were distanced from the infected, a citywide public health campaign was launched, and disease surveillance was implemented.
One hundred and two years later with a pandemic of a virus where there is no vaccine the advice is similar. Physical distancing, isolation, hand washing, a robust public health campaign and tracking of disease is paramount.
Dr. Snow had recommended handwashing and hygiene almost 170 years ago to prevent cholera. Even today epidemiologists have estimated that handwashing with soap can reduce diarrhoea by 47 percent and save one million lives in third world countries.
But you can look to the first world too about the need for better handwashing. In a study done in the United Kingdom in gas stations, sensors indicated that only 64 percent of women and 32 percent of men were washing hands with soap. That indicates that even with the knowledge of what to do, that failed in practice.Read more »
In one of those stories that you have to see to believe, a herd of Kashmiri goats have taken over a village in Wales. Because of a Covid-19 lockdown in the Welsh village of Llandudno the goats have no one to tell them to stay in their hilly habitat and away from the town~and the town gardens. Llandudno is a seaside resort on the Irish Sea and has a population just over 20,000. That is humans.
Llandudno is surrounded by sheer limestone cliffs called the Great Orme. That area is host to many species of birds, and of course are the perfect environment for goats. It also is the place of the longest toboggan run in Great Britain, which is 750 meters long.
Surprisingly the goats are actually mentioned in the town’s official page,with a rather flowery excerpt from a booklet called “Aliens of the Great Orme”. In the 1800’s a man bought a few Kashmir sheep that had been imported to France from India. Squire Christopher Tower brought the goats to Llandudno and with their fleece made a cashmere shawl that was presented to King George IV. This started a trend for cashmere shawls, and of course King George IV got a couple of the Kashmiri goats too.
While goats have been attributed to eat just about anything, it appears the Great Orme goats which have gone feral are more discerning. They eat ” elder, gorse, hawthorn, bracken, bramble, ivy, stinging nettles and privet, according to the time of year.”
Well not these goats. They are now roaming through the streets and into gardens with the manager of the Landsdowne House Hotel saying “They are becoming more and more confident with no people, adding that its saves him cutting his hedge.”Read more »
The idea of closing roads for pedestrians and cyclists is nothing new. The popular Ciclovia which originated decades ago in Bogota Colombia closes streets to vehicular traffic on weekends in many South American cities. Residents take over the streets for strolling, rolling and cycling. Bogota’s ciclovia runs on Sundays until 2:00 p.m. and also on major holidays. I have participated in ciclovias in Lima Peru and in Quito Ecuador where major thoroughfares are closed, providing “open streets” for active transportation on Sundays.
The COVID-19 pandemic provides an unique opportunity to rethink our use of major streets. While the Province’s Medical Health Officer Dr. Bonnie Henry encourages walking and rolling for exercise and mental and physical health, she is also cognizant that people need to stay six feet or two meters apart in their small family groups.
That’s where the problem is. As I have written earlier, sidewalks in Vancouver are just not wide enough. The standard for new sidewalks varies from 1.2 meters wide to 1.8 meters wide and does not offer enough space for two people to pass each other safely with the Covid-19 required distance. Sure you can spill onto the street, but that’s not something someone with a baby carriage or assistive device can curb jump to do.
It also is telling how clumsy we are at imagineering more space for pedestrians. We know how to put in bike lanes adjacent to sidewalks , but we just are not good at giving walkers and rollers more space.
But look at Calgary and Winnipeg. Madeline Smith of the Calgary Herald reports the City of Calgary is doing a demonstration test by closing six major roadways on weekends to give their citizens places to walk. They are all located close to where people live, and provide an opportunity to get out and exercise with close family members without worrying about being too close to other people. If you are familiar with Calgary, you will appreciate the scale of the closures, which are listed here.
The Mayor of Calgary Naheed Nenshi made it clear that the street closures were for exercise, and not for crowded gatherings of any kind. And he provides a very clear rationale for why these weekend closures are happening-to keep physical distance and to allow people to exercise.
“It’s going to be much more along the lines of just making sure that if we need to use roadway space so that people have room, we will do so.”
In the Calgary case, the routes run close to parks and the river valley, offering people the chance to make a loop during their exercise routines. With an effective first closure, Calgary is looking at extending these closures for weekends during the pandemic.Read more »
Hastings Street, 1945 from the Vancouver Archives.
Diana Sampson provides some wonderful images from the archives on the Facebook group Nostalgic/Sentimental Pictures of Vancouver. This photo of Hastings Street must have been taken after the end of World War Two as there is toilet paper streaming on the street. That was rationed during the war.
You can see the road striping showing where vehicles are to park, the tram tracks and the granite insets abutting the street curb. There’s a few things unusual in this photo. The stationer’s sign projects directly across the city sidewalk. And the pedestrians are walking on the left side of the sidewalk instead of bearing to the usual right.
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In a lane of course. It’s a Melbournesque scene, and you have to know where to find it. Apparently the knowledge workers who serve tech, law and business in the nearby towers don’t really care whether there’s seating. (Click above for image.)
Takeaway coffee is sold from a window that was possibly cut into the concrete, or maybe provided light to the rear of a commercial building. What once might have been storage is now high-performance retail.
The menu is limited, but the choice isn’t. The coffee experience at ‘The Patricia’ is distinctly curated; the staff are knowledge friendly.
It’s very good.
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